Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo VecchioPiazza della Signoria, the focal point of the civil power of Florence with Palazzo Vecchio and the heart of the city's social life, was the stage for the bloody and vicious Congiura dei Pazzi (Pazzi family Conspiracy), resulting in the wounding of Magnifico.
The central element of the piazza is the 14th century Palazzo Vecchio, built between 1299 and 1314 to provide a signal to the Priori delle Arti (Priors of the Guilds), which since 1282 had held Government and who normally resided in the Bargello.
The architectural project by Arnolfo di Cambio and the type of building reflect the characteristics of medieval fortified structures, constituting a genuine model for the subsequent construction of Tuscan public buildings.
During the 16th century, the Loggia della Signoria lost its original function as the democratic structure weakened, becoming a sort of open-air museum for the sculptures of the Medicea collection.
The statues in Piazza della Signoria do not only represent decorative art of the highest level, but also a genuine lay allegorical cycle, which would have been an inspiration for the values of city governors who visited Palazzo Vecchio.